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This month marks the centennial of an organization now known as the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. In 1862, when the Civil War was in its second year, Surgeon General Hammond organized a museum to preserve specimens from the battlegrounds that might be of interest to military medicine and surgery. Growing in scope of activities and size of its physical structures, the original museum that served simply as a repository situated adjacent to the Surgeon General's office has become a great educational and research institute housed in a spacious building on the Walter Reed campus in Washington, D.C.
There was nothing in the first half-century or more of the Museum's existence that suggested the unique role ophthalmology was to play in the Institute's history. Then, in 1921, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology established a Section of Pathology and obtained permission from the Surgeon General to deposit slides in
C. DG. AFIP and Ophthalmology. Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(5):546-548. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020546003