Only a few studies have been made on the intraocular pressure in full-term newborn infants. Dolcet1 found that these values ranged from 41-56 mm. Hg, while Giles2 reported that the intraocular pressure in the newborn approached the upper limit of that in adults (25.8 mm. Hg). Similar readings have been obtained previously by Brockhurst.3 The above measurements were made without the use of general anesthesia which might have resulted in gross inaccuracies of the readings due to restlessness of the infant during tonometry.
It therefore seemed important to measure the range of the normal intraocular pressure in the newborn under general anesthesia in order to evaluate, under comparable conditions, the borderline between the normal intraocular pressure and that of early congenital glaucoma. This report describes the results of tonometric and tonographic measurements of the intraocular pressure in newborn infants performed under general anesthesia.
Material and Methods
KORNBLUETH W, ABRAHAMOV A, ALADJEMOFF L, MAGORA F, GOMBOS G. Intraocular Pressure in the Newborn Measured Under General Anesthesia. Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(6):750-752. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020750009