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To the Editor:
—In recent years free exchange of the ideas and activities in Russian ophthalmology has diminished. This is unfortunate, for it will be recalled that such personalities as Botkin, Pavlov, Mechnikov, Filatov, Pirogov, Korsakov, and many others have left their milestones in medical and scientific advancement throughout the world.During my visit to 15 countries, including Poland and Russia, in the summer of 1958, I had the opportunity to visit hospitals and speak with physicians in Kiev, Leningrad, and Moscow. Although time was limited in a busy, scheduled mission, I would like to relate some of my observations and experiences.At the von Helmholtz Hospital in Moscow I had an interesting discussion with the chief of ophthalmology—a most cordial and hospitable gentleman—who spoke no English, and conversation was carried on through a female interpreter assigned by the Minister of Health of the USSR (70%-80% of the physicians are
Freiwald MJ. RUSSIAN OPHTHALMOLOGY. Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(6):839-840. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020839028