While scleral staphylomas are occasionally associated with such ocular diseases as glaucoma and myopia, the presence of localized staphylomas of the sclera in otherwise healthy eyes is quite unusual. In the course of retinal detachment surgery, scleral staphylomas were found to a significant degree in eyes which were neither myopic nor glaucomatous. Analysis of the clinical features of such eyes yielded interesting information; such analysis is the subject of this paper.
In the past 15 years, this condition and its association with retinal detachment have been reported by Vail.1-3 In a small series of retinal detachment patients (34 cases), eight eyes had scleral staphylomas. The staphylomas were temporal in location and corresponded with the retinal tear. There have also been isolated case reports of this condition by Lisch,4 de Souza Queiroz,5 Klemanska,6 Young,7 and Catford.8 Lisch described a patient with symmetrical temporal staphylomas without
WATZKE RC. Scleral Staphylomas and Retinal Detachment. Arch Ophthalmol. 1963;70(6):796-804. doi:10.1001/archopht.1963.00960050798013