Myopia has been variously designated "simple," "physiologic," "pathologic," "progressive," "benign," "malignant," "degenerative," "congenital," and "acquired." These terms are not mutually exclusive and some of them have been used interchangeably by various clinicians and authors. By "congenital myopia" we mean any degree of myopia demonstrated at birth, or any significant degree of myopia found to be present before the age of 6 years. Our experience has convinced us that infantile myopia does not get worse during the preschool years, so any myopia found to be present before the school age is presumed to have been present since birth.
Congenital myopia is an important entity in the practice of ophthalmology in the young. It is much less common than acquired myopia,1 but it is often grouped with it and consequently the peculiar aspects of congenital myopia are often overlooked. It is our feeling that several points in the clinical evaluation and
HIATT RL, COSTENBADER FD, ALBERT DG. Clinical Evaluation of Congenital Myopia. Arch Ophthalmol. 1965;74(1):31-35. doi:10.1001/archopht.1965.00970040033007