Absolute sterility and asepsis in surgery is desirous. However, in eye surgery the lid margins cannot be rendered completely aseptic as was stressed by Kimura and Burns in the roundtable discussion of the symposium of the New Orleans Academy of Ophthalmology. The methods of draping currently used leave the lid margins and the openings of the meibomian glands exposed. Therefore, the need arose for a drape which would provide adequate coverage of the skin surrounding the eye and at the same time exclude the lid margins and eyebrows from the operative field without interfering with the surgeon's movements. Various types and methods of eye draping have been tried. Finally, a plastic drape which is sterile, waterproof, and very thin, was used in the manner to be described below. It satisfies to a great extent the desire for asepsis.
Using a 20-cm square of any thin plastic drape, an "H" incision
ATCHOO P, HIONIS M, CINOTTI AA. A Practical Drape For Eye Surgery. Arch Ophthalmol. 1966;75(4):508-509. doi:10.1001/archopht.1966.00970050510013