[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.158.127.188. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
June 1966

LINCOLN, KENNEDY AND HYPEREXOTROPIA

Author Affiliations

Medical Editing 168 Woods Building The Wilmer Institute Johns Hopkins Hospital Baltimore, Md 21205

Arch Ophthalmol. 1966;75(6):892. doi:10.1001/archopht.1966.00970050894029

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.

Abstract

To the Editor: Congratulations to Charles Snyder for his absorbing article, "Abe's Eyes" (Archives, Feb 1966), in which he describes several interesting reports about President Lincoln's eyes—including Lincoln's probable hyperphoria and exotropia of the left eye, with intermittent diplopia (misinterpreted by Lincoln) and neurological complaints—all perhaps related to a reported childhood head injury (from the kick of a horse). The article is a noteworthy example of historical reconstruction in ophthalmology.

Regarding the eyes of presidents, perhaps readers have observed the apparent fact that President Kennedy also had a unilateral exotropia and hyperphoria.

I first noticed this when looking at a Norman Rockwell portrait of President Kennedy on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post shortly after the assassination. Wondering whether the apparent exodeviation was due to an unexpected lapse by the artist, I checked a photograph and found that Rockwell was right.

This is, of course, of little or no

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview
×