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April 1967

The Fundamental Reading Skill as Related to Eye-Movement Photography and Visual Anomalies.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1967;77(4):571. doi:10.1001/archopht.1967.00980020573028

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The author, who is neither an ophthalmologist nor an optometrist, operates a "reading center" under his own name on Long Island, NY. He advocates that victims of dyslexia be tested by: (1) a "visuascope"—apparently a stereoscope. This determines "whether both eyes are sluggish, or whether or not the individual can see well enough to do school tasks," and (2) a "metronoscope" (Risley prisms). "The base-in reading indicates the divergence reaction in its relationship to the function of the focus mechanism while the base-out reading indicates the convergence reaction in its relationship to the functioning of the focus mechanism" (sic); and (3) a "Reading Graph" of ocular movement. If the "convergence-divergence response" is considered insufficient, training by prisms is undertaken.

The author has not only succeeded in improving this "index" in most instances, but has produced in addition a gain in weight (case 7), cessation of thumbsucking in a 20-year-old

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