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To the Editor.
—Ophthalmology has been practiced in Italy since the Roman times. Apart from the invention of spectacles which probably took place in Pisa or Venice in the last decades of the 13th century, there was an upburst of scientific interest during the Renaissance which also involved studies on vision and the visual organ. After the end of the 18th century, a book of ophthalmology was written by Scarpa. Valsalva, a pupil of Morgagni, noted that the crystalline lens increased in size with age. Buzzi antedated Soemmering in recognizing the macula lutea. Fontana described the spaces which now bear his name and made interesting observations about the pupil.The teaching of ophthalmology as a separate branch of surgery developed at the beginning of the 19th century, when specialized eye clinics were founded in some universities like Pavia and Padua.The Italian Ophthalmological Society was founded in 1879 and the
Bietti GB. ITALIAN OPHTHALMOLOGY. Arch Ophthalmol. 1967;77(5):710-711. doi:10.1001/archopht.1967.00980020712028