A congenital disturbance of horizontal gaze is described in five children. It includes loss of conjugate lateral gaze and occurrence of the near reflex on attempted lateral gaze. Vertical movements are normal and ocular retraction is present in two patients.
Zweifach PH, Walton DS, Brown RH. Isolated Congenital Horizontal Gaze ParalysisOccurrence of the Near Reflex and Ocular Retraction on Attempted Lateral Gaze. Arch Ophthalmol. 1969;81(3):345-350. doi:10.1001/archopht.1969.00990010347008