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November 1969

The Peripheral Eyeground in Chronic Respiratory Disease

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Retina Research, Retina Foundation, and Retina Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston. Dr. Gottlieb is now at Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital, Brooklyn; Dr. Harris, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Dr. Stratford, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond. Part of this study was performed at the pulmonary and allergy clinics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, and at Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital, Brooklyn, NY.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1969;82(5):611-619. doi:10.1001/archopht.1969.00990020607008

Complete eye examination, including indirect ophthalmoscopy and scleral depression was performed in 71 patients, 40 years and over, with chronic pulmonary disease of varying etiology. Seventeen percent of these subjects had one or more retinal breaks. Among 106 subjects used as controls 10% had one or more retinal breaks. The first second vital capacity (FSVC) was measured in 204 patients with retinal detachment and it was not significantly lower than expected. However, an FSVC of less than 70% was seen in 44% of the patients with retinal detachment and lattice degeneration of the retina but only in 33% of patients with retinal detachment but without lattice degeneration.