Orbital-cerebral phycomycosis is a highly fatal disease in infants and children. The predisposing illness is commonly gastroenteritis which rapidly leads to metabolic acidosis and dehydration. A 2-month-old infant, had a history of diarrhea, acidosis, palate ulcer, orbital cellulitis, and phycomycotic meningoencephalitis.
Hale LM. Orbital-Cerebral PhycomycosisReport of a Case and a Review of the Disease in Infants. Arch Ophthalmol. 1971;86(1):39-43. doi:10.1001/archopht.1971.01000010041009