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This is the first of two projected volumes encompassing an extensive and detailed exposition of methods in ocular examination. Initial and historic instruments and techniques are mentioned, but major emphasis lies on current methods with full exposition of their principles, their indications, and the actual technique of their use. Theoretical considerations of diagnosis and of instrument design are included. Methods which are infrequently used and unfamiliar to the average practitioner are also included in detail so that the volume may serve as a significant reference work, as well as a working manual. Rarely does the author go into description of pathologic entities, except to relate appropriate variations in pathology to correlated examination steps.
This volume covers external examination, microbiology, lacrimal apparatus, the pupils, ophthalmoscopy, dynamography, x-ray, ultrasound, radioactive isotopes, tonometry, and tonography. Each chapter includes a detailed list of references, citing both original and contemporary contributions.
Ocular examination today is
Fintelmann E, Keeney AH. Die Ophthalmologischen Untersuchungsmethoden, Book 1 (Methods of Ocular Examination, vol 1).. Arch Ophthalmol. 1972;87(2):242. doi:10.1001/archopht.1972.01000020244031