Anesthesia and further developments in the surgical technique (especially the use of intraocular fiberoptics illumination) for patients who undergo vitrectomy through the pars plana with the vitreous infusion suction cutter are discussed.
Machemer R. A New Concept for Vitreous Surgery6. Anesthesia and Improvements in Surgical Techniques. Arch Ophthalmol. 1974;92(5):402-406. doi:10.1001/archopht.1974.01010010414008