Twenty-four patients with proliferative or preproliferative diabetic retinopathy underwent extensive argon laser photocoagulation in one eye. Detailed central and peripheral visual-field examinations and electroretinography were performed before treatment, and at intervals after treatment.
Visual field changes were as follows: (1) eight patients had only mild to moderate constriction of all isopters, (2) 11 had discrete scotomata in addition, (3) two had prominent nerve-fiber-bundle defects, (4) three had severe constriction of all isopters, save (in two) that to the largest peripheral test object. Electroretinographic b-wave amplitudes were reduced an average of 40% to white test flashes. Blue test flashes showed an even larger reduction of the rod response. This suggests the receptors in approximately 40% of the retinal area are destroyed by such extensive photocoagulation, covering predominantly that part of the retina that has the highest concentration of rods.
Frank RN. Visual Fields and Electroretinography Following Extensive Photocoagulation. Arch Ophthalmol. 1975;93(8):591-598. doi:10.1001/archopht.1975.01010020575004