• When reconstructing the lower eyelid with use of a temporal-zygomatic skin flap, the inner lining can be provided by a tarsal pedicle flap from the upper eyelid. The flap is hinged in the superior cul de sac and is similar to the letter T on its side, obviating the need to use nasal septal cartilage and mucosa. This method maintains the upward curve of the lower eyelid and restores the lateral canthal angle while causing very little noticeable shortening of the horizontal fissure.
(Arch Ophthalmol 95:1423-1424, 1977)
Leone CR. Tarsal Pedicle Flap for Lower Eyelid Reconstruction. Arch Ophthalmol. 1977;95(8):1423-1424. doi:10.1001/archopht.1977.04450080133016