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September 1977

Retinal Arterial Occlusive Disease in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Author Affiliations

From the Retina Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Montefiore Hospital and Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1977;95(9):1580-1585. doi:10.1001/archopht.1977.04450090102008

• Four patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) developed an unusual form of occlusive retinal arterial disease. The most prominent clinical features of this disorder were deposition of yellow-white material in retinal arterial walls and evidence of multifocal retinal arterial occlusion. Fluorescein angiographic findings included nonperfusion of the obstructed arteries and the retinal capillary beds fed by them, and fluorescein leakage at the sites of involvement of the retinal arteries. This ocular complication of SLE is presumably a manifestation of the widespread systemic vascular problems seen in this disorder. It may be more common in patients with lupus involving the CNS.

(Arch Ophthalmol 95:1580-1585, 1977)