• A 63-year-old patient had an extensive infiltration, ulceration, and eventual perforation of the cornea caused by Proteus mirabilis. Histopathological examination of corneal tissue that was obtained at keratoplasty disclosed that the stroma was ulcerated with a diffuse infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Immunopathological examination of the cornea revealed prominent and diffuse staining for properdin and C3 complement. There was an absence of staining for IgG, IgA, IgM, IgE, and C4 complement. These findings suggest that the alternate pathway of complement was activated in this ulcerated cornea and that immunopathological phenomena contribute to the polymorphonuclear infiltration found with Gram-negative ulcerations of the human cornea.
Mondino BJ, Brown SI, Rabin BS, Bruno J. Alternate Pathway Activation of Complement in a Proteus mirabilis Ulceration of the Cornea. Arch Ophthalmol. 1978;96(9):1659-1661. doi:10.1001/archopht.1978.03910060285021