• The referring diagnoses in seven women with posterior scleritis included intraocular neoplasm, retrobulbar tumor, choroiditis, and idiopathic central serous choroidopathy. In all cases, a localized area of intense posterior scleritis was responsible for the misdiagnosed ocular findings. Features that helped to correctly identify posterior scleritis were as follows: female sex; a history of anterior scleritis; a fundus mass the same color as normal adjacent pigment epithelium; choroidal folds; serous retinal detachment with cloudy fluid; early pinpoint leaking spots from fluorescein angiography; and thickening of the posterior coats of the eye, retrobulbar edema, and high internal reflectivity on ultrasonography. Corticosteroids given for retrobulbar or systemic effect provided effective treatment.
Benson WE, Shields JA, Tasman W, Crandall AS. Posterior Scleritis A Cause of Diagnostic Confusion. Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(8):1482-1486. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020020144012