[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.211.180.70. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
December 1979

Retinal Light Exposure From Operation Microscopes

Author Affiliations

From The Wilmer Institute, The Johns Hopkins University Hospital, Baltimore (Dr Calkins), and The Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Md (Mr Hochheimer).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(12):2363-2367. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020020579017
Abstract

• Several popular surgical microscopes were measured for source radiance. A method has been devised for calculating patient retinal exposure from these instruments. Retinal irradiance is seen to be surprisingly high, assuming dilated pupils and clear media. It ranges from 0.10 to 0.97 W/sq cm. This is one to ten times higher than that produced by an indirect ophthalmoscope. There is evidence linking light exposure during surgery to cystoid maculopathy (Irvine-Gass syndrome).

×