• Aerobic and anaerobic cultures and clinical data were obtained from 126 pediatric patients with acute conjunctivitis. Similar cultures were obtained from 66 persons who did not have a conjunctival inflammation. Anaerobes were isolated from 47 patients (37.3%). In 26 cases (20.6%), they were in mixed cultures with aerobes, and in 21 cases (16.7%), they were the only isolates. Aerobes alone were recovered in 72 patients (57.1%). No bacterial growth was noted in seven patients (5.6%). The organisms recovered from eyes with conjunctivitis in statistically significant numbers were Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and anaerobic Gram-positive cocci.
Brook I. Anaerobic and Aerobic Bacterial Flora of Acute Conjunctivitis in Children. Arch Ophthalmol. 1980;98(5):833-835. doi:10.1001/archopht.1980.01020030827003