• A series of 38 patients with regressed retinopathy of prematurity were compared with control groups of babies having similar gestational age who did not have retinopathy of prematurity, and to a control group of full-term babies. A substantially higher incidence of strabismus, amblyopia, and high refractive errors was found in the group with retinopathy of prematurity as compared with both other groups. In general, these patients had a successful response to standard amblyopia and strabismus management. No substantial difference was found between the refractive errors of the babies in the premature control group and the term control group.
Kushner BJ. Strabismus and Amblyopia Associated With Regressed Retinopathy of Prematurity. Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100(2):256-261. doi:10.1001/archopht.1982.01030030258004