• The binding of fluorescein was measured in human plasma using four methods: steady-state dialysis, pressure dialysis, equilibrium dialysis, and fluorescence polarization. All methods indicated that fluorescein is approximately 85% bound throughout a wide range of concentrations. Technical difficulties were encountered with the fluorescence polarization method above fluorescein concentrations of 10-5 g/mL, but below this concentration, the method gave reproducible and reliable results compared with the three other methods. The number of binding sites available in plasma was estimated to be 4 x 10-3M, and the dissociation constant was estimated to be 6 x 10-4M. These estimates imply that the boundfree ratio of fluorescein in plasma is almost constant at concentrations below 10-4 g/mL. Fluorescein binding can affect the fluorescent intensity or the rate at which fluorescein penetrates the blood-ocular barriers.
Brubaker RF, Penniston JT, Grotte DA, Nagataki S. Measurement of Fluorescein Binding in Human Plasma Using Fluorescence Polarization. Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100(4):625-630. doi:10.1001/archopht.1982.01030030627020