• Four cases of congenital lacrimal sac distention were managed in an initially conservative manner to further elucidate the natural history of the condition and to formulate a more systematic approach to its treatment. In three cases, the abnormality resolved without nasolacrimal duct probing, with no adverse sequelae. In one case, dacryocystitis caused by Serratia marcescens, corneal astigmatism, and severe canthal distortion prompted surgical intervention. The management of individual cases of dacryocystocele should be influenced by the presence of inflammation, the virulence of any infecting organisms, the induction of astigmatism and anisometropia, and the degree of canthal distortion. Dacryocystocele appears to be a more specific term for lacrimal sac distention than either amniotocele or mucocele, and is not restricted to only one source of its fluid contents.
Harris GJ, DiClementi D. Congenital Dacryocystocele. Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100(11):1763-1765. doi:10.1001/archopht.1982.01030040743006