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August 1984

Surgical Treatments of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy

Author Affiliations

From the Eye Research Institute of Retina Foundation and Retina Associates, Boston (Drs Jalkh, Avila, Schepens, Azzolini, and Trempe and Mr Duncan), and the Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut (Lebanon) Medical Center (Dr Jalkh). Dr Avila is now with the Vitreoretinal Unit of the Instituto de Olhos de Goiania (Brazil).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1984;102(8):1135-1139. doi:10.1001/archopht.1984.01040030913012

• Four hundred ten eyes with retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy underwent closed vitrectomy with membrane peeling, scleral buckling, and intraocular air injection. The retina was reattached in 243 eyes (59.3%). Useful vision was attained in 223 eyes. The preoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy was clinically graded in six groups of increasing severity (C-1, C-2, C-3, D-1, D-2, D-3). From grades C-2 to D-3, a significant trend related a decreased rate of retinal reattachment with increased severity. However, grade C-1 showed a significantly lower success rate than did grade C-2. Scleral buckling alone may be the treatment of choice in grade C-1 eyes. Grade D-3 eyes had the worst anatomic and functional results. Preoperatively, there was a significant relationship between increasing severity of proliferative vitreoretinopathy and frequency of aphakia, and aphakic eyes showed a significantly lower rate of retinal reattachment than did phakic eyes.