• Ceftriaxone's toxic effects were assessed in albino rabbits after intravitreal injection. Doses up to 5 mg did not alter the B-wave amplitude. Following 7.5-and 20-mg doses, B-wave amplitude ratios were depressed at 24 hours and normal at seven and 14 days. A 50-mg dose caused a temporarily flat B-wave 24 hours after injection. At two weeks this ratio exhibited a moderate increase but remained 2 SDs below the mean preinjection ratio. Eyes receiving up to 20 mg were normal histologically at 14 days. A 50-mg dose induced generalized retinal edema and disruption of the retinal layers 24 hours after injection; at two weeks there were no histologic changes in the retina. Immediately after a 2-mg intravitreal injection, vitreous ceftriaxone levels were 1,345 ± 4.9 mg/L; by 72 hours they had decreased to 17.6 ± 1.4 mg/L. The mean peak aqueous level was 80.2 ± 12.2 mg/L at 72 hours.
Shockley RK, Jay WM, Friberg TR, Aziz AM, Rissing JP, Aziz MZ. Intravitreal Ceftriaxone in a Rabbit ModelDose- and Time-Dependent Toxic Effects and Pharmacokinetic Analysis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1984;102(8):1236-1238. doi:10.1001/archopht.1984.01040031006037