• The dimensions of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) were measured in fluorescein angiograms from 36 diabetic patients and 20 nondiabetic controls. The median values for longest diameter, mean diameter, and circumference were significantly greater in the diabetic group than in the control group. Longest diameters greater than 1.0 mm were found almost exclusively in eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The FAZ dimensions were strongly positively correlated with the severity of capillary nonperfusion in the posterior retina, but not with fluorescein leakage. The presence of proliferative diabetic retinopathy was also strongly correlated with capillary nonperfusion. Retinal capillary occlusion as the cause of FAZ enlargement in diabetic retinopathy is supported by these findings.
Bresnick GH, Condit R, Syrjala S, Palta M, Groo A, Korth K. Abnormalities of the Foveal Avascular Zone in Diabetic Retinopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 1984;102(9):1286-1293. doi:10.1001/archopht.1984.01040031036019