• Sequential fundus photographs, obtained during an eight-year period, documented the development of optociliary veins. Disc edema preceded their appearance by three years, and as optic atrophy became profound, the veins changed in number and in size.
Imes RK, Schatz H, Hoyt WF, Monteiro MLR, Narahara M. Evolution of Optociliary Veins in Optic Nerve Sheath MeningiomaEvolution. Arch Ophthalmol. 1985;103(1):59-60. doi:10.1001/archopht.1985.01050010063020