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March 1985

Medical Management of Self-Enucleation

Author Affiliations

From the Mason Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Missouri-Columbia Hospitals and Clinics.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1985;103(3):386-389. doi:10.1001/archopht.1985.01050030082027

• Self-enucleation or oedipism is a specific manifestation of psychiatric illness distinct from the milder forms of self-inflicted ocular injury. In this article, we discuss the previously unreported medical complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage accompanying self-enucleation. The diagnosis was suspected from the patient's history and was confirmed by computed tomographic scan of the head. This complication may be easily missed in the overtly psychotic patient. Specific steps in the medical management of self-enucleation are discussed, and medical complications of self-enucleation are reviewed.