• We performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical and pathologic diagnoses of 497 corneal buttons that had been submitted to the Estelle Doheny Eye Pathology Laboratory, Los Angeles, during the five-year period 1979 through 1983. The leading indications, in order of decreasing frequency, were pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (17.5%), regrafts (15.1%), aphakic bullous keratopathy (10.9%), corneal trauma (9.3%), and Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (9.1%). The emergence of pseudophakic bullous keratopathy as the most common cause for penetrating keratoplasty correlates well with the dramatic increase in the number of cataract extractions with intraocular lens implantations performed since the mid-1970s. Less frequent indications for penetrating keratoplasty included the following: corneal scars (6%); active ulcerative keratitis (7%); keratoconus (6%); keratitis secondary to virus (5%); non-Fuchs' corneal dystrophies (3%); congenital corneal opacities (3%); interstitial keratitis (2%); and chemical burns (1%).
Robin JB, Gindi JJ, Koh K, Schanzlin DJ, Rao NA, York KK, Smith RE. An Update of the Indications for Penetrating Keratoplasty1979 Through 1983. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(1):87-89. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050130097029