• The ocular kinetics of ceftazidime, a third-generation cephalosporin, were examined in phakic and aphakic pigmented eyes of rabbits following subconjunctival injection (100 mg). Peak ceftazidime concentrations (x̄ ± SE, n = three to five rabbits per determination) were as follows: phakic eyes, 40.2 ± 7.3 mg/L in aqueous humor and 11.2 ± 0.6 mg/L in vitreous humor at one hour; aphakic eyes, 30.5 ± 4.8 mg/L in aqueous humor and 15.8 ± 2.4 mg/L in vitreous humor at one hour. The ability of ceftazidime to eliminate an incipient bacterial infection was also studied. Ten aphakic rabbits received intravitreal injections of 50 colony-forming units (cfu) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Six of the ten immediately received a subconjunctival injection of ceftazidime (100 mg). At 48 hours following injections, four of four control eyes yielded bacterial counts greater than 6.2 × 106 cfu/mL. Of the six that received ceftazidime, five were sterile and one yielded 10 cfu/mL.
Shockley RK, Fishman P, Aziz M, Yannis RA, Jay WM. Subconjunctival Administration of Ceftazidime in Pigmented Rabbit Eyes. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(2):266-268. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050140124033