• Duane's retraction syndrome is a congenital eye movement disorder characterized by a deficiency of abduction, mild limitation of adduction, with retraction and narrowing of the palpebral fissure on attempted adduction. Two patients with this condition had a large medial rectus recession for a cosmetically unacceptable face turn and esotropia in primary position. Both patients had the unusual complication of severe limitation of adduction postoperatively.
Nelson LB. Severe Adduction Deficiency Following a Large Medial Rectus Recession in Duane's Retraction Syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(6):859-862. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050180093038