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Chile has a population of approximately 12 million inhabitants, and the country extends down the South Pacific coast for roughly 4,300 km. Its width at the widest point is 400 km and at its narrowest 100 km. This unusual geographic formation reaches from vast deserts in the north to lakes and forests in the south, giving the country unique characteristics regarding the practice of medicine and, in particular, ophthalmology.
In the northern part of the country, cities and villages are located along the coast. The large mining centers are inland, separated by hundreds of miles of desert. The Pan-American Highway, which runs from north to south, links the major part of this area. The cities and towns in the central and southern part of the country are closer together and are found both on the coast and inland. As in most Latin-American countries, the largest part of the population is
Meyer F. Ophthalmology in Chile. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(6):925-927. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050180159051