July 1986

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness With Negative ElectroretinogramA New Classification

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University School of Medicine (Drs Miyake, Yagasaki, and Horiguchi) and the Aichi Prefectural Center of Health Care (Mr Kawase and Dr Kanda), Nagoya, Japan.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(7):1013-1020. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050190071042

• An analysis of 64 patients with congenital stationary night blindness showed that all had essentially normal fundi. Electroretinography (ERG) showed a normal a wave with extremely reduced b wave (negative type) when recorded with a single bright white stimulus in the dark. We classified these patients into two groups based on the evaluation of rod ERG and/ or psychophysical dark adaptation measured with an 11° test target at 15° in the upper part of the retina. One group (35 patients) lacked rod function (complete type) and the other group (20 patients) showed some rod function (incomplete type). Nine patients could not be classified. No pedigree showed a complete and incomplete type in one family. Differences between the two groups in refractive error, photopic function, and oscillatory potentials in the ERG suggest a different pathogenesis. Our analysis may provide a new classification of congenital stationary night blindness with a negative ERG.