In this issue of the Archives, Stein and colleagues1 present an important advance in the study of corneal preservation in eye banking.
See also p 1358.
Initially, corneal transplantation took place without eye banks; when an eye was enucleated, the cornea had to be used immediately. Later, Filatov discovered that after the eye was enucleated, refrigeration could keep the corneal tissue usable for transplantation. Castroviejo was the first to employ this technique in the Western world.
R. Townley Paton established the first eye bank, but at that time eye banking was a relatively simple process. All that was necessary for an eye bank to function was a secretary with a telephone and a refrigerator. An eye was enucleated by a physician, and the whole eye was refrigerated and supplied to the surgeon, who examined and graded it and decided whether it was suitable for use. However, tissue quality control
Kaufman HE. Corneal Preservation. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(9):1285-1286. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050210039021