• The mechanism by which surgical procedures correct astigmatism are incompletely understood and, therefore, the results are often unpredictable. In this study, a Terry keratometer was used to analyze the effect of each component part of a 3-, 4-, and 5-mm trapezoidal astigmatic keratotomy. Semiradial incisions along the horizontal meridian produced corneal flattening along the horizontal meridian twice that of the vertical meridian, therefore inducing positive cylinder astigmatism at 90°. A single pair of tangential incisions placed 5 mm apart, when added to the semiradial incisions, accounted for 100%, 87%, and 78% of the maximal effect from the 3-, 4-, and 5-mm completed trapezoidal astigmatic keratotomies, respectively. This study suggests that maximal correction of astigmatism may be attained with a single set of tangential incisions placed 5 mm apart between two sets of semiradial incisions.
Lindquist TD, Rubenstein JB, Rice SW, Williams PA, Lindstrom RL. Trapezoidal Astigmatic KeratotomyQuantification in Human Cadaver Eyes. Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(10):1534-1539. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050220128040