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May 1988

Advances in Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, History and Tradition

Author Affiliations

Kansas City, Kansas

Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(5):595. doi:10.1001/archopht.1988.01060130649017

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery ranks among the newest and smallest of the ophthalmic subspecialties. Therefore, readers may be amused to learn of an entire book devoted exclusively to the history and traditions of oculoplastic surgery. However, for the ophthalmologist who also considers himself or herself a scholar, historian, or oculoplastic surgeon, this book provides rare and unadulterated pleasure.

This is a multiauthored text and the chapters offered are diverse. The reader gains insight into the antiquity of medical knowledge as exemplified by Sushruta's fourth century BC illustrations of forehead pedicle flaps, which are still used for nasal reconstruction. The evolution of repair and treatment techniques for ptosis, lacrimal surgery, entropion, ectropion, blepharoplasty, orbit, and reconstructive surgery are traced in various chapters, as is the history of the development of oculoplastic surgery in North America, Australia, and Europe. The discussions concerning the history of lacrimal surgery and ptosis repair are

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