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June 1988

Glaucoma in Blacks

Author Affiliations

Washington, DC

Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(6):738-739. doi:10.1001/archopht.1988.01060130808027

In March 1987, the Division of Ophthalmology at Howard University, Washington, DC, and St Croix (Virgin Islands) Hospital sponsored a symposium on glaucoma. This effort represented a recognition that the black population of the United States, particularly the economically disadvantaged, and the predominantly black population of the Caribbean basin share an increased risk of visual loss from glaucoma.

Several investigators have noted that blacks represent a disproportionate share of the glaucoma population.1,2 They are also at several times greater risk for blindness from this disease.3,4 While relatively little information is available on the prevalence of nonblinding glaucoma in blacks, the 1.4% rate reported by Wallace and Lovell5 in Jamaica is in contrast to the 0.47% prevalence reported by Hollows and Graham6 using a similar study design in Wales. Other studies have reported rates from 0.41% to 0.86% in Western Europe.7-10 A higher prevalence of glaucoma

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