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This multiauthored textbook on facial dyskinesias covers topics relating to involuntary movement disorders of the head and neck, with particular emphasis on involuntary blepharospasm. It is divided into two sections; the first covers the clinical aspects of facial movement disorders and the second discusses the treatment of these conditions.
"... provides a useful reference source for the neuro-ophthalmologist or the oculoplastic surgeon..."
The first section contains a comprehensive review of descriptive aspects of blepharospasm and related neurologic diseases (eg, Meige syndrome, hemifacial spasm, lid apraxia). Beyond these typical neurologic syndromes, we find a more detailed review of facial stereotypes associated with schizophrenia, involuntary vocalizations, bruxism, and facial chorea. Most of these descriptive chapters are from a neurologist's perspective, with only limited contributions from ophthalmologists. Nevertheless, the detail with which involuntary facial movement disorders are reviewed provides a useful reference source for the neuro-ophthalmologist or the oculoplastic surgeon who
Borodic G. Advances in Neurology, vol 49: Facial Dyskinesias. Arch Ophthalmol. 1989;107(6):805. doi:10.1001/archopht.1989.01070010827016