• We conducted a randomized, double-masked, paired comparison of 0.1% thymoxamine vs placebo for the reversal of phenylephrine-induced mydriasis. Mydriasis was induced with 2.5% phenylephrine in each eye of 74 subjects (148 eyes). Each subject then received 0.1% thymoxamine in one eye and placebo in the other eye. Pupillary measurements were obtained at regular intervals during the ensuing 8 hours. At all intervals, a greater percentage of thymoxamine-treated eyes returned to baseline pupillary diameters compared with placebo-treated eyes (P≤.01). For subjects in whom both pupils returned to baseline, thymoxamine-treated eyes returned to baseline in a mean of 2.2 hours, vs 5.2 hours for placebo (P<.0001). Among thymoxamine-treated eyes, those with light irides responded more rapidly than those with dark irides, returning to baseline in 1.6 vs 2.8 hours, respectively (P =.0046). After constriction to baseline pupillary diameter had been achieved, no patients experienced a rebound dilation.
Wright MM, Skuta GL, Drake MV, Chang LF, Rabbani R, Musch DC, Teikari J. Time Course of Thymoxamine Reversal of Phenylephrine-Induced Mydriasis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1990;108(12):1729-1732. doi:10.1001/archopht.1990.01070140083034