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Michael Callahan has collaborated with Crowell Beard to update Beard's classic book on ptosis. This edition, the first published by Aesculapius Publishers Inc, Birmingham, Ala, supplants the third edition that was released by CV Mosby Co, St Louis, Mo, in 1981. Though there have not been landmark changes in the surgical approach to ptosis during the past decade, the authors attempt to approach evolving perspectives in the treatment of ptosis.
The overall organization of the book remains faithful to previous editions. The initial chapters addressing the history of ptosis, anatomy, pathophysiology, classification, and appropriate ptosis examination provide a thorough background to these topics. The organization of the various surgical chapters is logically divided into chapters on surgery for levator maldevelopment, myogenic, aponeurotic, neurogenic, and pseudoptosis. This organization logically reflects current trends in the approach to ptosis surgery in which there is an increased interest in understanding and directly addressing the
Rubin PAD. Beard's Ptosis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(10):1360. doi:10.1001/archopht.1991.01080100040023