• We used a pulsed holmium-YAG laser that emitted in the midinfrared (2.12 μm) to cut experimental vitreous membranes in rabbits via an intraocular fiberoptic delivery system. Thirty-five membranes were treated at distances of 0.5 to 3.8 mm from the retina. All of the membranes that were treated were transected or partially cut. In cases that were treated with the optical fiber encased in a retinal-shielding pick, membranes could be readily transected without retinal injury. Laser vitreous membrane cutting may offer the advantage of near-tractionless membrane segmentation. The combination of a moderately strong target tissue absorption and the ready availability of commercial optical fibers for transmission of 2.12-μm laser energy suggests that the holmium-YAG laser merits further investigation for this application.
Borirakchanyavat S, Puliafito CA, Kliman GH, Margolis TI, Galler EL. Holmium-YAG Laser Surgery on Experimental Vitreous Membranes. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(11):1605-1609. doi:10.1001/archopht.1991.01080110143052