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April 1992

Reoperation Following Diabetic Vitrectomy

Author Affiliations

From the Retina Service (Drs Brown, Tasman, Benson, and McNamara) and Department of Pathology (Dr Eagle), Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pa.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1992;110(4):506-510. doi:10.1001/archopht.1992.01080160084037

• A review of 484 consecutive eyes that were undergoing an initial pars plana vitrectomy for the sequelae of proliferative diabetic retinopathy disclosed that 41 eyes (8.5%) required one or more additional vitrectomy operations. The primary causes for reoperation included rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in 18 (44%) of the 41 eyes, recurrent vitreous hemorrhage in 21 eyes (51%), and glaucoma in two eyes (5%). The visual prognosis was worse in the group with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, with 10 (56%) of 18 eyes progressing to no light perception (P =.003). Severe preretinal and subretinal fibrous proliferation, as demonstrated histopathologically, accounted in large part for the poor result. The preretinal membrane formation appeared to occur secondary to a combination of diabetic extraretinal vascular growth and proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Among the total group of 41 eyes that required subsequent surgery, the retina eventually remained detached in 18 eyes (44%), and phthisis bulbi occurred in 13 eyes (32%). Rubeosis iridis developed in 17 (94%) of 18 eyes in which the retina remained detached.