This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
Less than 100 years ago, optometry spawned from opticianry when a segment of the latter group became interested in measuring the basic refractive status of the eye and in prescribing corrective lenses. The teaching of optometry began with correspondence courses provided by lens and frame manufacturers. Today, optometric education consists of a postbaccalaureate educational program that includes much more than a study of physical and physiologic optics. It encompasses studies in basic and clinical sciences and engages in basic and clinical research.
The current role of optometry in the health care field as perceived by optometry is clearly stated in the chapter on the sphygmomanometer:
Optometry provides most of the primary eye care and, in many instances, [an optometrist] may be the only health care professional that an individual may consult. Thus, [in the opinion of the authors] the doctor of optometry is in an excellent position to serve the
Santos G. Clinical Procedures in Optometry. Arch Ophthalmol. 1992;110(8):1059. doi:10.1001/archopht.1992.01080200039018