Ophthalmologic and neurologic manifestations of the mitochondrial DNA mutation at position 8993 (MTATP*NARP8993) are reported and compared with previously published reports of patients with the 8993 mutation and other mitochondrial disorders.
University referral center.
Eight subjects from two unrelated pedigrees that were positive for the mitochondrial DNA replacement mutation at nucleotide position 8993 were evaluated ophthalmologically and neurologically.
Retinal abnormalities ranged from mild salt-and-pepper changes to severe retinitis pigmentosa—like changes with maculopathy. Neurologic manifestations were also highly variable and ranged from migraine headaches to severe dementia and Leigh's disease.
The type and extent of retinal pigmentary changes and neurologic findings varied substantially, even among members of the same family. These changes, although not specific for the MTATP*NARP8993 mutation, are highly suggestive of mitochondrial disease.
Ortiz RG, Newman NJ, Shoffner JM, Kaufman AE, Koontz DA, Wallace DC. Variable Retinal and Neurologic Manifestations in Patients Harboring the Mitochondrial DNA 8993 Mutation. Arch Ophthalmol. 1993;111(11):1525-1530. doi:10.1001/archopht.1993.01090110091031