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On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped out of his lunar module onto the surface of the moon, but another 2 years were to pass before the "inner space" of the eye was surgically explored when Robert Machemer performed the first successful pars plana vitrectomy (Am J Ophthalmol. 1972;73: 1-7). The many exciting subsequent developments in our field are documented in several classic texts, such as those by J. Donald M. Gass (Stereoscopic Atlas of Macular Diseases: Diagnosis and Treatment, 3rd ed, St Louis, Mo, Mosby-Year Book, 1987) and Stephen J. Ryan (Retina, Mosby-Year Book, 1989). Since many of these were written, as the editors note in their preface, "growth in the field of medical and surgical retina remains exponential." Their stated intent was to put together a modern review with a particular emphasis on recent advances in prevention and therapy, leaving detailed discussion of underlying mechanisms and well-established procedures,
Nork TM. Medical and Surgical Retina: Advances, Controversies, and Management. Arch Ophthalmol. 1995;113(9):1098-1099. doi:10.1001/archopht.1995.01100090020011