To investigate whether corticosteroid therapy would decrease the inflammation and tissue damage associated with pneumococcal endophthalmitis.
Albino rabbits were injected intravitreally with 1000 live organisms of Streptococcus pneumoniae and randomized after 24 hours to treatment with intravitreal vancomycin hydrochloride alone (n=10), combination intravitreal vancomycin and intravitreal dexamethasone (n=10), or no treatment (n=10). After 2 weeks, the eyes were examined clinically and enucleated for histopathologic examination.
Eyes treated with vancomycin and dexamethasone had significantly less intraocular inflammation and more preservation of retinal tissue than untreated eyes or eyes treated with vancomycin alone (P<.05, Fisher's exact test). Untreated and vancomycin-treated eyes were indistinguishable on clinical and histologic examination. Marked anterior and posterior segment inflammation with total retinal necrosis was noted in eyes from both groups.
Intravitreal corticosteroid therapy may play an important role in minimizing the inflammation and tissue damage associated with pneumococcal endophthalmitis.
Park SS, Samiy N, Ruoff K, D'Amico DJ, Baker AS. Effect of Intravitreal Dexamethasone in Treatment of Pneumococcal Endophthalmitis in Rabbits. Arch Ophthalmol. 1995;113(10):1324-1329. doi:10.1001/archopht.1995.01100100112040