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Article
March 1996

Overcorrection After Excimer Laser Treatment of Myopia and Myopic Astigmatism

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1996;114(3):252-256. doi:10.1001/archopht.1996.01100130248002
Abstract

Objective:  To study the incidence and associations of overcorrection after excimer laser treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism.

Methods:  The study cohort consisted of 645 patients who had photorefractive or photoastigmatic refractive keratectomy done by an excimer laser during a 2-year period. Patients were assessed 1,3,6, and 12 months post-operatively. The variables evaluated were visual acuity, refraction, keratometry, and corneal clarity.

Results:  At 1 month, overcorrection of more than +1 diopter spherical equivalent (SEQ) was seen in 22% of the eyes. This progressively regressed so that only 8.6% of the 140 eyes that were overcorrected at 1 month were overcorrected at 1 year. Overall, 2.2% of eyes were overcorrected at 1 year. The magnitude of attempted correction and use of topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs disclosed a notable association with occurrence of overcorrection at 1, 3, and 6 months. The use of bandage contact lenses also was associated with overcorrection at 1 and 3 months. After controlling for myopia and use of contact lenses, the odds of overcorrection for use of topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at 1,3, and 6 months were 2.21 (95% confidence limits [CL]=1.49, 3.44), 1.69 (95% CL=0.88, 3.24), and 2.01 (95% CL=0.88,4.56), respectively. The odds of overcorrec tion with bandage contact lenses were 1.79 (95% CL=1.05, 3.05) at 1 month and 2.42 (95% CL=1.23,4.75) at the end of 3 months. No associations were seen between overcorrection and age, gender, surgical technique, or simultaneous astigmatic corrections.

Conclusions:  Overcorrection is common during the early postlaser treatment period and is associated with degree of myopia, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and bandage contact lens wear.

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