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An interesting historical overview of blepharoplasty from 2000 years ago to the present begins this text. In the next chapter on aesthetic goals, the patient's objectives along with the objectives of artists, ancient masters, and aesthetically expert plastic surgeons are considered. Superior results will undoubtedly be those that please the patient, but anthropomorphic considerations may provide a starting point for discussion with the patient and should include those changes that may be realistically achieved in a particular individual.
The anatomy section is well presented with illustrations from Surgical Anatomy of the Orbit, by Zide and Jelks, and many relevant references appear throughout the text, eg, Hawes and Dortzbach (Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100: 1313), Lemke and Stasior (Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100:981), and Koorneef (Ophthalmology. 1979; 86:876).
Preoperative assessment is well covered and should include a thorough ophthalmic examination to document the best-corrected visual acuity, visual field with the lids taped and untaped to
Kaltreider SA. Aesthetic Blepharoplasty. Arch Ophthalmol. 1996;114(9):1162-1163. doi:10.1001/archopht.1996.01100140364036