January 1997

Relationship Between Difficulty in Performing Daily Activities and Clinical Measures of Visual Function in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, UIC Eye Center, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine (Drs Szlyk, Fishman, and Alexander and Mss Revelins and Derlacki); the Department of Research and Development, West Side Veterans Administration Medical Center, Chicago (Dr Szlyk); and Epidemiology-Biostatistics Division, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health (Dr Anderson). The authors have no proprietary interests in any products mentioned in this article.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1997;115(1):53-59. doi:10.1001/archopht.1997.01100150055009

Objectives:  To assess the level of perceived difficulty experienced by patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in the performance of everyday activities and to determine the correlation between patients' self-reported difficulty and clinical measures of visual function.

Methods:  One hundred sixty-seven patients with typical RP and Usher syndrome type 2, with a wide range of disease severity, rated their difficulty in the performance of 33 activities. We obtained data on visual acuity and visual field area for all patients, and electroretinogram (ERG) recordings on a subgroup of 49 of these patients. Results from the questionnaire were analyzed with factor analysis, and patients' self-reports were compared with their clinical data using correlational analyses and multiple regression.

Results:  The patients' questionnaire responses clustered into 6 factors: activities involving central vision, miscellaneous activities (no discernible common factor), activities related to mobility, driving, negotiating steps, and eating meals. Of the clinical tests, visual acuity was most strongly related to the patients' ratings of their difficulty in performance. Visual field area also was related to patients' self-assessments but not as strongly as visual acuity. Because visual field area and the ERG measures were correlated, adding ERG information did not improve predictability.

Conclusions:  In patients with RP, perceived difficulty in performing common tasks was most strongly related to level of visual acuity and visual fields. Although certain ERG amplitude measures did show positive correlations with some self-reported activities, overall, the ERG amplitude measures showed the least relationship with patients' self-reports. Our results provide insight into RP patients' perceived difficulties in performing everyday activities and the clinical measures of visual function that most highly correlate with these difficulties.